About FNC

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The Federal  National Council is the  representative body of the  people  of the   UAE.  The  Council  is  considered  the  fourth   of  the   five  federal authorities set forth in the Constitution. The FNC was established on 12th February  1972.   It  is  composed  of  members   representing  the  seven emirates. There are 8 seats each for the emirates of Abu Dhabi and Dubai,6 seats  each for the emirates  of Sharjah and Ras AI Khaimah; and 4 seats each for the emirates  of Ajman, Umm AI Quwain and Fujairah.

The  FNC consists  of  five  main  bodies:  the  Speaker,  the   Board,  the committees, the Inter-parliamentary  Division, and the general  secretariat. The FNC carries out its legislative role by receiving from the Cabinet constitutional   amendments, draft  bills, and  the  federal  annual  general budget and statement of accounts. The FNC has the right to discuss such instruments,    and   then    approve,    or   refuse   them,    with   or   without amendment. The instruments are then submitted to the Cabinet, and lastly presented to  the  President  of the  Union and  the  Supreme  Council for ratification.   In  addition,   the   FNC  carries   out   its  oversight   role   by addressing  public issues, submitting  questions to the  Prime Minister and ministers,  issuing  recommendations, looking  into  complaints, and publishing statements expressing  its opinion on national, Arab and international  issues.

 

Inter-Parliamentary Division

Parliamentary diplomacy is the  primary function of the Inter-Parliamentary Division. It performs  its work by representing the  FNC at Arab, regional and international parliamentary unions.

Empowerment

The  implementation  of  empowerment  programmes was  a  remarkable development in the  parliamentary  life of the UAE. The programmes were announced in 2005  by the  President  of the  UAE, His Highness  Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed AI  Nahyan . As a result, elections  were held for half the members  of the  FNC in 2006, 2011 and 2015. Women were able to vote and   be  elected   as  members   of  the  Council.  The  FNC was  the  first legislature   in  the  Arab  world  to  elect  a  woman  as  its Speaker.  The programmes  also  included  the   implementation  of  constitutional amendment  No.  1  of  2009.  The  amendment  extended  parliamentary terms of office to four years and lengthened the regular annual session of parliament  to  seven  months.  The  FNC was also  granted the  power  to amend  by-laws.