About the United Arab Emirates
Capital: Abu Dhabi
Surface Area: 83,600 sq. km. (slightly larger than Scotland), the area constituting the Emirate of Abu Dhabi accounts for 87% of the total area of the UAE.
Location: bordered by the Arabian Gulf, from east by the Gulf of Oman and the Sultanate of Oman, from south by the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and the Sultanate Oman and from the west by the State of Qatar and the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
Climate: The UAE enjoys a dry desert climate that tends to cooler temperatures in the eastern mountains. (Winter: Warm and sunny/Summer: Hot and humid). The average annual rainfall in the coastal areas does not exceed 120 mm (4.7 inches) but in some mountains areas, where the climate in cooler in general, the average annual rainfall often reaches 350 mm (13.8 inches).
Currency: 1 UAE Dirham (AED) = 100 fils
Exchange rate: 1 USD is equivalent to 3.67 dirhams (AED is officially pegged to USD)
In 1971, the Late Sheikh Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan, unified the seven small emerging emirates and founded the state of the United Arab Emirates. The union of UAE was founded on the principles of tolerance and openness towards the people of the world. The UAE was able to establish its position as the most successful archetype of a modern country, which balances values, traditions, coexistence and tolerance in the modern age.
In 2004, HH Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan, became President of the UAE and followed the same progressive route as UAE witnessed qualitative developments in different fields. In the framework of the Emirati future vision, a new government was announced in February 2016, which included new ministries for tolerance, youth, happiness and future.
Tolerance: it is much-valued principle of the Emirati people as more than 202 different nationalities are living in harmonious conditions in the UAE without discrimination on any basis. This has been reflected in the founding of a Ministry of Tolerance in the present government and the enacting of a law to confrontdiscrimination and hatred, which criminalizes all forms of blasphemy, defamation of religions and sanctities and hate speech. In addition, this law prohibits and criminalizes all forms of discrimination based on religion, creed, doctrine, denomination, origin, race and/or color and sets severe penalties for the same.
Humanitarian Action: The UAE regards humanitarian work as extremely important as it is one of the most active countries, in the realm of humanitarian action on the regional and international level. The UAE has been recognized as the largest donor of humanitarian aid compared to its GDP.
Happiness: Building on the UAE’s belief that the mission of its government is linked to the happiness of its people, it has appointed a minister to safeguard the happiness of all its people including citizens and residents, by adopting resolutions, ideas and plans to achieve this objective. The UAE was recognized as the happiest Arab nation in Global Happiness Index 2015.
The Youth: UAE is highly invested in the youth sector. The state’s vision and its attention to the youth issues is reflected in the appointment of a Minister of State for Youth Affairs, in addition to founding the Emirates Youth Council, which empowers the best minds amongst young men and women, to become advisors in youth issues, to facilitate opportunities for them to express their thoughts and aspirations and to promote their participation and contribution in all fields.
Competitiveness: The UAE seeks to be one of the global leaders in diverse fields in accordance with its general vision for 2021. The UAE was awarded the first place regionally and the 16th place internationally, for maintaining its edge amongst the 20 best competitive economies in the world according to the latest version of the World Competitiveness Report 2016 issued by World Economic Forum (Davos) in Switzerland.
The Future: The UAE future foreseeing requires heavy investment in infrastructure, politics, economy, society and culture to maintain the prosperity of the nation and the well-being of its citizens. The establishment of the Ministry of the Future is testament to the vision of the nation. This vision does not only focus on being forward-thinking but also on being integral to the building of the future. In this regard, FNC organized its first initiative since the establishment of the Parliamentary Consultative Retreat entitled “Looking Forward to Future”, which set the first comprehensive strategy for the future of the FNC, allowing to keep up with the latest trends accomplishing the best achievements in line with the state’s directives in accordance with national foundations and principles included in the political empowerment letter from HH President of the UAE.
Security and Stability: Since the early days of the founding of the UAE, security and stability has been the cornerstone of the state’s vision. Thanks to the Almighty and the efforts of our ancestors and leaders, this has become a reality that has enabled the state to accomplish remarkable achievements in all fields. Every individual who lives in UAE leads a safe existence today, which makes the UAE an oasis for coexistence in harmonious conditions between more than 202 nationalities and a preferred tourist destination for more visitors from around the world.
Counter-Terrorism: UAE is committed to the cause of establishing peace and security all over the country and enforcing international laws, world peace, counter terrorism and combatting extremism. In addition, the UAE denounces all terrorist operations, undertaken by all terrorist outfits, and calls on the international community to take all possible initiatives to preserve peoples’ rights to live in peace and stop all terrorist operations. Within this framework, the Emirati inter-parliamentary division has achieved, with its participation in the tenth conference for the Parliamentary Union of OIC Member States held in Istanbul 2015, a remarkable success as it provided a proposal to draft an Islamic Parliamentary Charter against terrorism and extremism which was met with high acceptance at the conference. This led to the commissioning of an executive committee for the Union to form this proposal and submit it to the conference to be held in 2016.