United to advance peace and security

United to advance peace and security

Abstract

Preserving peace is becoming more difficult as conflicts become more diverse and complex and have an increasingly adverse impact on the security landscape. How will parliaments unite to fight terror and help end its root causes?

 

Rationale

In recent years, extremism and terrorism have reached new levels of violence and are affecting our way of life across the globe. With all the advances that civilization has witnessed in all fields of human endeavour from science and technology, to education and health, we find ourselves today as insecure as ever. This is simply unacceptable in any century, let alone the 21st century. The question is where have we failed as a society and what can parliaments do collectively and in partnership with government and society to stop terror?

Eradicating terrorism is a battle that has to be waged across many dimensions. Along one dimension, governments must confront the symptom of terrorism through effective intelligence and security. Perhaps more important, and especially in the long run, is the role that society as a whole needs to play to uproot the underlying foundation of terrorism by fighting extremism, hatred, and intolerance. This battle is one of the most important battles of our time. In this battle, parliaments play a critical role. On the one hand, parliaments must help ensure that governments have the proper tools to confront terror and safeguard the home front. On the other hand, parliaments need to ensure that basic human rights are protected in the fight on terror. Moreover, parliaments need come together and work with government across political domains as well as religious groups and leaders to address the underlying causes and find ways to promote peace and security through tolerance, education, equality and dialogue.